Osteology - Bones & Structures
Osteology is a branch of anatomy that studies the skeleton.
The discipline was named osteology by the Greek historian of the 1st century Diodor Sitsiliyskiy and referred to the bones that remained after the burning of a human corpse.
From the 18th century, according to Heister’s proposal, osteology was designated as the anatomy field which provided a description of bones.
When the description data became insufficient, the meaning and study of osteology considerably extended and went deeper.
Nowadays, the following sections of osteology are distinguished:
- General osteology studies the bone tissues, including periosteum, bone marrow, articulate and epiphyseal cartilage; osteogenesis; skeleton development in the fetal and postfetal periods; and the appearance and merging of ossification points.
- Special or descriptive osteology focuses on separate bones or their complexes, e.g., wrists, skeleton of fingers, backbone, thorax, skull and so forth.
- Comparative osteology studies similarities and contrasts of skeleton of different species.
- Developmental osteology studies the development of all the bones of the human skeleton, from their earliest embryological form to final adult form.
- Morphology of the human skeleton
- Skeletal connective tissues
- The scope of arthrology
- Axial skeleton
- Appendicular skeleton
Posted in Osteology - Bones & StructuresAsk a Question Or Join a Discussion