Splanchnology - the Organ Systems
Splanchnology is a scientific study of the viscera.
Splanchnology is a branch of anatomy studying and describing the development, structure, and topography of the internal organs.
Anatomy discipline distinguishes a body itself (soma) and interior organs (viscera). Skin and the musculoskeletal apparatus are referred to as soma.
Internal organs are subdivided into three systems:
- Digestive (systema digestorium);
- Respiratory (systema respiratorium); and
- Urinogenital (systema urogenitale).
In addition, glands that do not have ducts (glandulae sine ductibus) make up the endocrine system, which is also studied by splanchnology.
Organs allocation to systems is determined by their function, topography, and genetic characteristics.
The following sections of splanchnology are distinguished as follows:
General Splanchnology – provides a short sketch of the development of all internal organ systems studied by splanchnology (see above).
Special Splanchnology – provides more detailed description of the internal organs. It studies an organ's histology, structures, innervation and vascularization. Special splanchnology also studies cavities, pleura and peritoneum, the topographical relationship of organs, etc.
- The Respiratory Apparatus
- The Digestive Apparatus
- The Urogenital Apparatus
- The Ductless Glands
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